All 32 Mexican states have legalized abortion by the Supreme Court.

September 7th, 2023

Mexico’s highest court has decided to legalize abortion nationwide after finding that previous laws banning abortion were unconstitutional and violated women’s rights.

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The Supreme Court of the Nation (SCJN) made its decision on Wednesday, stating that abortions are not allowed in all of Mexico.

The brief’s ruling for a test to the ongoing regulation in the northern territory of Coahuila was made two years earlier, the BBC reports. The court had decided that there should not be any criminal penalties for ending a pregnancy.

From that point forward, Mexico’s states and the national government have been hesitant to nullify corrective codes, however the new choice makes early termination lawful in each of the 32 states.

The BBC reports that the Supreme Court ruled that the ban on abortion violated women’s human rights.

The chief of the supreme court, Arturo Zaldvr, stated that neither the state nor the girl’s parents or guardians could force her to become a mother in rape cases.

Because she is a victim and her age makes the violation of her rights in this case more serious, it is necessary to examine the situation from the perspective of the best interests of minors. The decision has made it possible for the healthcare program run by the government to provide abortions. Groups that fight for women’s rights have praised it.

A dozen other states soon decriminalized abortion after Mexico City became the first in 2007. “Many women don’t know that they have this rght because local governments have not carried out publicity campaigns about it,” a women’s rights activist named Sara Lovera told AFP. In addition to the lack of facilities for the procedure, Lovera also stated that “many women don’t know that they have this rght.”

The new ruling is likely to upset the Catholic Church in Mexico, the second-largest Catholic nation in Latin America, as well as some of the country’s more conservative politicians.

However, the nation’s government is proud to be firmly secular, and the Church has recently been losing ground.

Latin America has experienced a trend toward easing restrictions on abortion, which is referred to as a “green wave.” Despite the fact that the front-runner in Argentina’s presidential race in October, Javier Milei, wants to ban the procedure, elective abortion is legal in Argentina, Colombia, Cuba, and Uruguay.

Under certain circumstances, such as rape or health risks, abortions are permitted in some nations; however, they are outright prohibited in El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic.

Contrast the situation in the United States, where the landmark 1973 Roe v. Wade decision was overturned by the Supreme Court last year, with the reforms in Mexico and other Latin American nations. The Wade decision guarantees a universal right to abortion.